The minimum wage an employee should be paid depends on their age and also whether or not they are employed in an apprentice role.
The national minimum wage is the minimal hourly rate that can be paid to an employee, regardless of the size or industry of an employer. The national living wage is higher than the minimum wage and is paid to employees aged 25 and over.
The rates change every April, however as of 2021, the rates are as follows:
- 23 and over – £8.91
- 21 to 22 – £8.36
- 18-20 – £6.56
- Under 18 – £4.67
- Apprentice – £4.30
There are some exemptions to the rates and these include:
- Self-employed people
- Volunteers or voluntary workers
- Company directors
- Members of the armed forces
- Family members, or people who live in the family home of the employer who undertake household tasks
- Work experience students, depending on length of placement
Further information on minimum and national wages can be found here.